English lesson- Words to talk about EMPLOYMENT

English lesson- Words to talk about EMPLOYMENT


Hello and welcome to today’s English
lesson my name is Stuart. In today’s lesson we’re going to look at words that
we use when we talk about employment in English let’s go to the intro now as I
said today’s lesson is looking at this topic here which is employment and most
likely you are currently employed or you will be in the future you will be
looking for a job or you will be looking for employment and all of these words
here we can use to talk about this particular topic now we’re going to look
at the different types of employment some of the words you can call yourself
when you are employed but all of these words will come in handy for you if
you’re going into the job market or even if you have to have an exam in English
where you need to talk about this topic so we’re going to start off with the
types of employment now these are the types of employment that we have in
Australia and most likely in other english-speaking countries as well
you have full-time employment part-time employment casual employment fixed term
or contract employment now as the name does suggest full-time employment means
that you work the whole week okay depending on the country that you’re in
the majority of places are probably between 38 and 40 hours a week
could be considered full-time employment part-time employment means that you are
working not full-time obviously you’re only working part of
the time maybe 12 hours a week maybe 20 hours a week maybe 18 but you’re not
spending all of your time in the office or at the job you’re working part-time
and the next one is casual casual meaning that it’s not regular okay you
don’t have regular employment it’s just something casual maybe you work one day
a month in one place one day a month another one day a week here another
place there you don’t have anything fixed or anything permanent so it’s
called casual work fixed term or contract work sometimes you’re working
for a fixed period of time a fixed term maybe it’s two years maybe it’s one year
maybe it’s nine months a fixed term maybe it’s longer maybe it’s a contract
as well your contract is for five years and then the contract is terminated or
renewed depending on the conditions of the job so a fixed term or contract now
people can be self-employed that means that you are responsible for finding
your own work it means that you don’t work for another person or another
company okay you’re responsible for finding your own employment so you are
self-employed maybe you are freelance meaning that you move from one job to
another sometimes if you may be working in IT computers you could be a freelance
worker you move from different places doing different jobs perhaps on a
contract maybe you are a subcontractor a subcontractor normally in the building
industry in Australia there’s a lot of subcontractors people that are
subcontracted to do a specific task or job maybe a plumber electrician
bricklayer etc could be a subcontractor maybe even a cleaner nowadays you could
you could have a subcontractor cleaning service trainee somebody who is getting
experience in a company is known as a trainee normally for a short period of
time maybe three six nine months one year you work as a trainee you might get
a small salary you might not get a small salary it depends on the conditions and
then the other example here is an apprentice and apprentice when I was
coming into the labour market a lot of people did a print
ships meaning that they got a trade so they became as I said before an
electrician they became a plumber they did some other type of apprenticeship
maybe a baker an apprentice Baker where they learnt a trade started to work to
get the experience necessary normally at a very low salary in the beginning
because you’re working to get the experience in the job so you do your
apprenticeship and you are an apprentice and of course there was a famous
television show with Donald Trump in the States Alan Sugar I think in the UK that
was called The Apprentice now employment can be divided into two types
historically we talk about blue-collar work or white-collar work blue-collar
meaning that it’s more labour orientated white-collar more professional let’s say
maybe you’re working in an office some type of managerial position maybe
administrative you are white collar worker blue-collar work obviously as I
said before building work blue collar something with is more manual labor
involved okay you can be skilled or unskilled so we call that skilled or
unskilled employment a skilled employment that you’ve got some type of
qualification or you’ve done a course where you have a little bit of expertise
in the thing that you are doing or unskilled where there’s no skill
required to do the job so maybe I don’t know a job where you just have to put
paper into a box or something could be considered unskilled we also have semi
skilled which is a mix between the two between unskilled and skilled
semi-skilled and then of course we have professional and we also have this one
here creative you hear this quite a lot nowadays
talking about creatives and creative employment people that are making things
designing things developing things called creatives now your employment
could be in an office you could have a desk job you could be this desk bound
you could also have shift work or shift employment we could say where you work
different times of the day according to the week okay so maybe a police officer
doctor nurse etc one of these jobs which has 24-hour service can be divided into
shift work you can have the the morning shift the afternoon shift the night
shift we also call that in English the graveyard shift so if you work from
10:00 o’clock in the evening or 10 o’clock at night through to 6:00 o’clock
in the morning the night shift or the grave yard shift because depending on
what you do it could be quiet on that particular shift now if you are unlucky
in the fact that you don’t have a job you are jobless or unemployed now some
places have higher unemployment levels than others where I come from
unemployment historically is fairly low it’s not difficult to get a job of
course it’s difficult to get a good job but to get a job it’s not that difficult
so unemployment rates or employment rates are quite high if you’re looking
for work you are a job seeker you are looking for work you are seeking work
you’re a job seeker maybe you’re working for a company in the company no longer
needs you and you are made redundant and if you’re lucky you can get a redundancy
package where the company might give you some money to help you find another job
or to help you in the time that you need to find another job
so you’re made redundant and you’re lucky you can get a redundancy
package we can also if you lose your job you can say that you got fired or you
have been fired or you can get the sack or the company can give you the sack
okay those two words a little bit informal
but very common to hear these words to get fired or to get the sack now if you
go to a country and you don’t have the permission to work in that country which
is quite common with people that come into Europe or they come to Australia or
they come to the USA or Canada or other countries and they don’t have the
necessary permission to work they are called undocumented workers or illegal
workers now I remember many years ago in Australia there were a lot of people
coming in on our holiday visas from I’ll talk about the UK for example and they
work for a period of time and then their work visa expires but they continue to
live in the country they become undocumented workers or they become
illegal workers and I know the case of two or three people that were caught
working illegally in Australia and of course sometimes the penalties can be
quite high or at least you’re not allowed to go back to the country for a
long time if you get caught working illegally or without documentation so
that’s also a dilemma for a lot of people that are coming from countries
where the labour market is not very good where there’s not a lot of opportunity
and they come to a country where there is they don’t have the necessary papers
in order so they unfortunately become
undocumented or illegal workers but all of these words here we can use when we
talk about employment in English now thank you very much for watching the
lesson if you have any questions or comments please leave them in the
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